- Gray, Thomas
- (1716-1771)Poet, was b. in London, the s. of a scrivener, who, though described as "a respectable citizen," was of so cruel and violent a temper that his wife had to separate from him. To his mother and her sister, who carried on a business, G. was indebted for his liberal education at Eton (where he became a friend of Horace Walpole), and Camb. After completing his Univ. course he accompanied Walpole to France and Italy, where he spent over two years, when a difference arising G. returned to England, and went back to Camb. to take his degree in law without, however, any intention of practising. He remained at Camb. for the rest of his life, passing his time in the study of the classics, natural science, and antiquities, and in visits to his friends, of whom Walpole was again one. It was in 1747 that his first poem, the Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College, appeared, and it was followed between 1750 and 1757 by his Pindaric Odes, including The Progress of Poesy, and The Bard, which were, however, somewhat coldly received. Nevertheless he had, on the death of Colley Cibber, the offer of the laureateship, which he declined; but in 1768 he accepted the Professorship of Modern History in his Univ., worth £400 a year. Having been drawn to the study of Icelandic and Celtic poetry he produced The Fatal Sisters, and The Descent of Odin, in which are apparent the first streaks of the dawn of the Romantic Revival. G.'s poems occupy little space, but what he wrote he brought to the highest perfection of which he was capable, and although there is a tendency on the part of some modern critics to depreciate him, it is probable that his place will always remain high among all but the first order of poets. Probably no poem has had a wider acceptance among all classes of readers than his Elegy in a Country Churchyard. In addition to his fame as a poet, he enjoys that of one of the greatest of English letter-writers, and of a really great scholar. He d. at Camb. after a short illness following upon a gradually declining state of health.Life by Gosse (Men of Letters Series, 1882).
Short biographical dictionary of English literature . John W. Cousin. 2011.
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Gray,Thomas — Gray, Thomas. 1716 1771. British poet considered a forerunner of English romanticism. His most famous work is Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard (1751). * * * … Universalium
Gray, Thomas — born Dec. 26, 1716, London, Eng. died July 30, 1771, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British poet. He studied and later settled at Cambridge, where he wrote poems of wistful melancholy filled with truisms phrased in striking, quotable lines. Though his … Universalium
Gray, Thomas — (1716 1771) Born in London into a prosperous family, he was a studious boy who disliked the sports ethos of Eton College, where he was educated from the age of eight. He was at Peterhouse College, Cambridge, between 1734 1738 but left without… … British and Irish poets
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GRAY, THOMAS — English poet, born in Cornhill, London, for whom Horace Walpole conceived a warm attachment, which, after a brief rupture, lasted with life; gave himself up to the study of Greek literature, and began to cultivate the muse of poetry; produced… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Thomas Gray — (* 26. Dezember 1716 in London; † 30. Juli 1771 in Cambridge) war ein englischer Dichter, Gelehrter und Briefe Schreiber. Thomas Gray wurde in London geboren und lebte mit seiner Mutter, nachdem diese ihren gewalttätigen Ehemann, einen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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